Review| Volume 40, ISSUE 4, P348-354, August 2016

Review of Dietary Practices of the 21st Century: Facts and Fallacies

  • Fatheema B. Subhan
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences (Division of Human Nutrition), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
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  • Catherine B. Chan
    Address for correspondence: Catherine B. Chan, PhD, 6-126B Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R3, Canada.
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences (Division of Human Nutrition), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

    Diabetes, Obesity and Nutrition Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
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      The prevalence of chronic metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, is increasing around the world. Nutritional interventions can reduce the prevalence and provide effective treatment, even when weight loss is not dramatic. The 2013 Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Guidelines concluded that certain dietary patterns and popular weight-loss diets had sufficient evidence to suggest their use by individuals with diabetes, but many other diet patterns and diets exist. Our specific objectives were to review the nutritional quality of various dietary patterns and diets, with emphasis on the evidence that they are efficacious for weight loss, glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors.


      La prévalence des maladies métaboliques chroniques telles que le diabète, les maladies cardiovasculaires et le cancer augmente à travers le monde. Les interventions nutritionnelles peuvent réduire la prévalence et offrir des traitements efficaces. Les lignes directrices de pratique clinique 2013 de l’Association canadienne du diabète ont conclu que certains modèles de consommation alimentaire et régimes amaigrissants populaires comportaient suffisamment de données probantes pour suggérer aux personnes diabétiques leur utilisation, mais plusieurs autres modèles de consommation alimentaire et régimes existent. Nos objectifs précis étaient de passer en revue la qualité nutritionnelle de divers modèles de consommation alimentaire et régimes en insistant sur les données probantes qui démontrent leur efficacité en matière de perte de poids, de régulation de la glycémie et de facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire.


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