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Spousal Support and Relationship Happiness in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and Their Spouses

      Abstract

      Objectives

      The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the perceptions of spousal support self-efficacy in terms of dietary self-care and relationship happiness.

      Methods

      Forty-six couples, in which only one spouse has type 2 diabetes, completed questionnaires on perceptions of spousal support self-efficacy and relationship happiness.

      Results

      Using an actor‒partner interdependence model, we found that, when persons with type 2 diabetes were more confident in their spouse’s ability to provide them with support regarding their dietary self-care, they reported more relationship happiness. We also found that, when their spouse without diabetes was more confident in their own abilities to provide such support to their partner, they reported more relationship happiness. However, the person with diabetes’ confidence in their spouse’s support abilities and the spouse’s confidence in their own support abilities were not associated with the other partner’s relationship happiness.

      Conclusions

      This study offers a unique dyadic perspective on the determinants of happiness for couples in which one spouse has type 2 diabetes. The perceived quality of spousal support appears to be associated with relationship happiness in committed couples managing diabetes, regardless of the actual support received or provided.

      Résumé

      Objectifs

      La présente étude avait pour objet d’examiner l’association entre les perceptions d’auto-efficacité du soutien conjugal pour ce qui est des auto-soins en matière d’alimentation et le bonheur dans la relation.

      Méthodes

      Quarante-six couples, dont un seul conjoint est atteint de diabète de type 2, ont rempli les questionnaires sur leurs perceptions d’auto-efficacité du soutien conjugal et de bonheur dans la relation.

      Résultats

      À l’aide d’un modèle d’interdépendance acteur-partenaire, nous avons observé que lorsque les personnes atteintes de diabète de type 2 étaient plus confiantes en la capacité de leur conjoint à leur offrir le soutien pour ce qui est des auto-soins en matière d’alimentation, ils ont rapporté ressentir plus de bonheur dans la relation. Nous avons aussi observé que lorsque leur conjoint non diabétique était plus confiant en leurs propres capacités à offrir un tel support à leur partenaire, ils ont rapporté ressentir plus de bonheur dans la relation. Toutefois, la confiance de la personne diabétique dans les capacités de soutien de leur conjoint et la confiance du conjoint en leurs propres capacités de soutien étaient associées au bonheur de l’autre partenaire dans la relation.

      Conclusions

      Cette étude offre une perspective dyadique unique sur les déterminants du bonheur au sein des couples qui ont un conjoint atteint de diabète de type 2. La perception de la qualité du soutien conjugal semble être associée au bonheur dans la relation au sein des couples engagés qui prennent en charge le diabète, indépendamment du soutien actuel reçu ou offert.

      Keywords

      Mots clés

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